Torsten Krause





I am currently a post-doctoral researcher at the Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Sweden. From 2009 to 2013 I conducted my PhD research as part of the newly established research school LUCID. I have extensive experience in conducting field work in Chile and the Ecuadorian Amazon on the social and environmental impacts of conservation projects. My current research focuses on the governance of ecosystem services in a European context and agroforestry for a more sustainable forest management and improving livelihoods in Latin America.

Current Research

I currently conduct research on governance and institutional aspects of operationalizing the Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital concepts in a European context. My research is part of the FP7 research project OPERAs (

I am also continuing to work in the Western Amazon region of South America. After having conducted my PhD research on financial incentives for forest conservation in Ecuador, I am currently looking at new approaches for traditional agroforestry systems. A particular interest I have is the use of new agroforestry tree products and how these can support small-scale and Indigenous farmers in maintaining their agroforestry practices


  • Teaching in various courses within the LUMES (MSc) Programme – e.g., Sustainability Science; Governance and Sustainability; Earth System Science
  • Human Geography – Responsible for SGEL 49 (Sustainable Development from a global, regional and local perspective)
  • Human Geography – Teaching in SGEM 14 (Urban and Regional Planning for Sustainability)
  • Guest lectures in various PhD courses (ClimBEcco – From Local to Global: Political Ecology, Natural Resource Conflicts and Environmental Peacebuilding) and other Master Programmes at Lund University (e.g., Conservation Biology, International Development and Management)
  • Supervision of LUMES Master Theses

Papers and publications

  • Hansen M, Islar M, Krause T. 2015. The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador. Conservat Soc. 13:287-98. DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.170406
  • Rode, J., Gómez-Baggethun, E. & Krause, T. 2015. Motivation crowding by economic incentives in conservation policy: A review of the empirical evidence. Ecological Economics, 117, 270-282. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.11.019
  • Krause, T. & Nielsen, T.D. 2014. The legitimacy of incentive-based conservation and a critical account of social safeguards. Environmental Science & Policy 41, 44-51.
  • Krause, T. & Lasse, L. 2013. Benefit Distribution and Equity in Ecuador’s Socio Bosque Program. Society & Natural Resources 26(10), 1170-1184.
  • Krause, T., Collen, W. & Nicholas, K.A. 2013. Evaluating safeguards in a conservation incentive programme: Participation, consent and benefit sharing in Indigenous communities of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Ecology and Society 18(4): 1.
  • Krause, T. & Zambonino, H. 2013. More than just trees – animal species diversity and participatory forest monitoring in the Ecuadorian Amazon. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Managament, 9(3), 225-238.
  • Krause, T. & Zambonino, H. 2012. The creation of a Socio Bosque. In Brouwer, M. (ed.) The Ecosystem Promise. Meinder Brouwer Publications.
    Eds: Hirsch, C., Aguilar Støen, M. & McNeill, D.
    Insights from the field, December 2012, Norwegian REDD Research Network
    Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo
    Eds: Hirsch, C., Aguilar Støen, M. & McNeill, D.
    Insights from the field, December 2012, Norwegian REDD Research Network
    Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo
  • “Is biodiversity conservation possible? A Case study on penguin conservation and local development in Chiloé, Chile“ Master thesis, Lund University International Masters’ Program in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science “LUMES”, Lund University, Lund, Sweden


Blog entries:

Ecoagriculture Partners: Where are the Monkeys? The Fallacy of evaluating conservation from above the canopy.

FOCALI (Forests, Climate and Livelihood Research Network): Agroforestry in the western Amazon – opportunities for new markets and threats from expanding natural resource extraction.

FOCALI (Forests, Climate and Livelihood Research Network): Workshop – Building partnerships with forest communities. 

FOCALI (Forests, Climate and Livelihood Research Network): A recap from workshop on Forest Conservation, Agroforestry and Livelihoods.

FOCALI (Forests, Climate and Livelihood Research Network): Reflections on participatory monitoring.

Newspaper articles:

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