I analyse the nexus between conservation and development, through a case study focus of the iSimangaliso Wetland Park (IWP), in northern KwaZulu Natal – a UNESCO World Heritage Site. I examine dialectical processes of the production of conservation space – and interrogate what struggles over conservation space reveal about the politics of protected areas. I inquire into the interests guiding the creation of protected areas, whose authority is invoked to realize them, and who bears the costs of the designation of such areas. I focus on how norms of global biodiversity conservation and national economic development have been applied towards the IWP’s formation. At the local level, I assess the impact of dialectical processes of the production of space on social and social-ecological relations, through an embedded case study of the KwaDapha community at Bhanga Nek, Kosi Bay, in the Coastal Forest Reserve Section of the IWP. I suggest some implications for conservation arising through the imposition of new social-ecological values, and the socially differentiated effects of new rules of governance. I also analyse the outcomes of the IWP on agency, understood in terms of Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach. I assess the processes that allow freedom of action and decisions (i.e. the depth of participatory decision-making in the IWP), and the opportunities that local people have to actualise their own socio-economic development. I strive to contribute both theoretical and empirical insights into the increasingly salient issue of communal exclusion and inclusion in environmental governance.
- Teaching assistant in the “Water and Sustainability” course, Lund University International Master’s Programme in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science (LUMES), Fall 2009. Seminar III: Participatory action research in the context of IWRM.
- LUMID thesis final comments, Spring 2010. Ellefsen, A. & H. Kolic, 2010. Let it rain: A case study of community based water management and rainwater harvesting in Bayoudah, Jordan.
- Teaching assistant in the “Political and social change in developing countries” Masters course, Lund University Social Science faculty, Fall 2010.
- Teaching assistant in the “Water and Sustainability” course, Lund University International Master’s Programme in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science (LUMES), Fall 2010. Lecture and Seminar 2: Interrogating IWRM.
- Teaching assistant in the “Governance” course, Lund University International Master’s Programme in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science (LUMES), Fall 2010. Lecture and Seminar: an Introduction to Norm Science.
Papers and publications
- Hansen, M.; V. Ramasar; and K. Buchanan (2013). Localizing Global Environmental Governance Norms: Implications for Justice. In Environmental Governance for Social Justice: Lessons Across Natural Resource Sectors in Southern Africa, ed. M. Sowman; R.W. Wynberg; and K. Ngeta. Cape Town: Earthscan (first author)
- Hansen, M. (2012). New Geographies of Conservation and Globalisation: The Normative Anatomy of State Conservation Enclosures, Old Land – New Practices? The Changing Face of Land and Conservation in Postcolonial Africa, 11 – 14 September 2012, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa
- Hansen, M. (2012). New Geographies of Conservation and Globalisation: The Normative Anatomy of State Conservation Enclosures, The Normative Anatomy of Society: Relations between Norms and Law in the 21st Century, 24 – 25 April 2012, Lund, Sweden
- Hansen, M.; V. Ramasar; and K. Buchanan (2012) Localising global environmental governance norms: implications for justice, Lund Conference on Earth System Governance: Towards a Just and Legitimate Earth System Governance – Addressing Inequalities, 18-20 April 2012, Lund, Sweden (first author)
- Nastar, M. & M. Hansen, 2009. Water legislation – what values, which ways? Institutional path dependency and transition management in integrated water resource management in South Africa. Paper presentation at the 2009 Amsterdam Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, 2 – 4 December 2009, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Hansen, M., 2005. The struggle for water in Johannesburg: A case study of the socio-economic impacts of a corporatised water and sanitation service delivery regime in Phiri and Stretford Extension 4. Master’s thesis, Lund University Masters Programme in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science (LUMES), Lund University.