LUCID Phd Graduate
My academic background is within Social Anthropology, International Development and Gender Studies. I hold a B.A. in Social Anthropology from Stockholm University. In 2008, I received my Master’s degree from LUMID, Lund University Master in International Development and Management. My Master thesis was based on field studies among Peruvian migrant women in Santiago de Chile.
After an internship with Sida (the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency) in La Paz, Bolivia, I started my PhD studies at LUCID in April 2009. These were completed in May 2014, when I defended my PhD thesis. Currently, I am doing a postdoctoral project funded by LUCID.
Who is Marching for Pachamama? An Intersectional Analysis of Environmental Struggles in Bolivia under the Government of Evo Morales. Defended on the 9th of May, 2014.
Keywords: political ecology, environmental discourse, subject formation, feminist theory, multi-sited ethnography, scales, figurations, indigeneity, climate change, glacier retreat, TIPNIS
Evo Morales and the Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) were elected to be the government of Bolivia in 2005, after years of popular uprisings against the previous neoliberal regimes. The Morales government promised radical transformation and re-branded Bolivia as a “plurinational state”. Under MAS, indigenous subjectivity has moved from a marginalized position to center stage, and become a condition for political legitimacy.
This is reflected in environmental politics. In international forums, MAS has claimed to represent a green indigenous alternative. However, on home ground, it has been accused of coopting aspects of indigenous culture for its own interests. The national economy depends on intense extraction of natural resources, which has not diminished under Morales. The first Bolivian government to frame itself as indigenous now stands behind initiatives for resource extraction and infrastructural expansion. This raises questions about whose rights are privileged when different actors express conflicting claims based on indigeneity.
In my thesis, two themes are explored: MAS’ positioning in international climate change negotiations, and the conflict around the plans to construct a highway across the TIPNIS national park and indigenous territory. Drawing on poststructural and postcolonial feminist theory, I analyze intersecting processes of power in Bolivian environmental struggles by unwrapping two figurations: the endangered glacier and the ecological indigenous. These have become emblematic, and are mobilized by various actors for different purposes. Situating these figurations in national and international discourses, I show how they may both reinforce and challenge relations of power.
Research material was generated through ethnographic fieldwork and collection of written texts. Through this study of contemporary Bolivia, I shed light on how power dynamics play out in the framing of environmental problems and their solutions.
I am currently preparing a workshop on contemporary environmental politics in Bolivia, to be held in La Paz in November 2014 with the participation of local NGO staff, activists and researchers. Moreover, I am involved in applications for future research projects exploring climate change policy and environmentalist lifestyles from an intersectional perspective.
Since 2009 I have been a teaching assistant for undergraduate and master level courses in various departments, giving lectures on:
- Gender and Climate Change: Human Ecology Department, Faculty of Social Sciences and Faculty of Engineering, Lund University
- Gender and Development: LUMES Programme, LUCSUS, Lund University
I have also supervised master student theses of the LUMID and LUMES Master Programmes, Lund University, and participated in related teaching activities including giving collective feedback to fieldwork logs and acting as opponent in master thesis seminars. Additionally, I have co-organized a workshop on Gender, Power and Climate Change in March 2010, as well as two PhD courses in January 2012 and December 2013.
December 2013, Lecture on Gender, Intersectionality and Climate Change for the staff of the Maritime Museum & Aquarium, Gothenburg
May 2012, Keynote speaker at the 3rd Annual Uppsala Conference on the Future of Education and Sustainability, organized by CEMUS, Uppsala University
November 2011, Panelist in a side event on Gender and Climate Change at the Nordic Council of Ministers’ session in Copenhagen
October 2011, Public lecture on Gender, Power and Climate Change at the yearly “Perspective Days”, an open event at Malmö University
May 2011, Public lecture on Gender and Climate Change organized by the municipality of Linköping, held at the city library
March 2011, Public lecture on Gender, Power and Climate Change organized by the municipality of Lund, held at the City Hall
Kaijser, Anna (2014) Who is Marching for Pachamama? An Intersectional Analysis of Environmental Struggles in Bolivia under the Government of Evo Morales. Doctoral Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Lund University. http://lup.lub.lu.se/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=4393771&fileOId=4393812
Kaijser, Anna & Annica Kronsell (2013) Climate Change through the Lens of Intersectionality. Environmental Politics
Kaijser, Anna (2013) White Ponchos Dripping Away? Glacier Narratives in Bolivian Climate Change Discourse. (De)constructing the Greenhouse. Interpretive Approaches to Global Climate Governance. Eds. Chris Methmann, Delf Rothe, Benjamin Stephan. Published by Routledge
Kaijser, Anna (2011) Intersektionalitet för klimatsolidaritet: Om klimatdiskussionen i Bolivia och vikten av analytisk komplexitet (Intersectionality for climate solidarity: On climate discussions in Bolivia and the importance of analytical complexity).Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap 2011:4 Abstract in English »
Kaijser, Anna (2010) Glitterdrömmar. In Bang No 3, 2010 http://www.bang.se/glitterdrommar/